IMPACTO EN LOS NIVELES DE ACTIVIDAD FÍSICA DE LAS PERSONAS POR CONSECUENCIA DE LA CUARENTENA DURANTE LA PANDEMIA DEL COVID – 19. UNA REVISIÓN SISTEMÁTICA

  • Diego Alvarado Alvarado Programa Magíster en Ejercicio Físico y Salud, Universidad San Sebastián, Puerto Montt, Chile
  • Luis Gómez Vargas Programa Magíster en Ejercicio Físico y Salud, Universidad San Sebastián, Puerto Montt, Chile
  • Fernando Galle Santana Facultad de Ciencias de la Educación, Universidad San Sebastián, Puerto Montt, Chile
Palabras clave: Actividad Física, Cuarentena, COVID – 19

Resumen

La pandemia del Coronavirus (COVID – 19) ha provocado que se adopten medidas de cuarentena y confinamiento a nivel mundial. Para esto se plantea como objetivo: Analizar el impacto en los niveles de actividad física (AF); leve (AFL), moderada (AFM) y vigorosa (AFV) por consecuencia de la cuarentena durante la pandemia del COVID - 19. Para el método se incluyeron un total de ocho artículos extraídos de los motores de búsqueda PubMed, Web of Science y SciELO que cumplían con los criterios de inclusión realizados durante los periodos de pre – cuarentena (PC) y durante cuarentena (DC). Y en donde se realizó la intervención del cuestionario internacional de actividad física (IPAQ). Los principales hallazgos arrojan una disminución generalizada en todos los niveles, pero sobre todo en los de AFM y AFV. los autores refieren que esta disminución se debe a: componentes sociales y culturales; patológicos y hábitos de vida saludable. De esta manera se concluye que las medidas de cuarentena y/o confinamiento impactan negativamente en la salud de la mayoría de las personas, ya que se limita su movimiento a espacios abiertos y de esparcimiento. Los niveles de AFM y AFV al disminuir generan un sistema inmune más deprimido y la población en general está más propensa a padecer enfermedades no transmisibles como; síndrome metabólico. Finalmente se recomienda independiente de la situación de encierro mantener o aumentar los niveles de AF general, ya que puede ser una herramienta no farmacológica importante para contrarrestar este tipo de consecuencias

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Publicado
2021-06-17
Cómo citar
Alvarado Alvarado, D., Gómez Vargas, L., & Galle Santana, F. (2021, junio 17). IMPACTO EN LOS NIVELES DE ACTIVIDAD FÍSICA DE LAS PERSONAS POR CONSECUENCIA DE LA CUARENTENA DURANTE LA PANDEMIA DEL COVID – 19. UNA REVISIÓN SISTEMÁTICA. Revista Horizonte Ciencias De La Actividad Física, 12(1), 34-49. Recuperado a partir de http://revistahorizonte.ulagos.cl/index.php/horizonte/article/view/194
Sección
NUMERO ESPECIAL